When it comes to infectious diseases, few are as notorious as MERS and Ebola. These two viruses have caused global panic and widespread fear, and for good reason. Both are highly contagious and can cause severe symptoms, including death. But which is more contagious? Let's take a closer look.
MERS: Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
MERS, also known as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, is a viral respiratory illness that was first identified in Saudi Arabia in 2012. It is caused by a coronavirus, a family of viruses that includes the common cold and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome).
Symptoms of MERS can range from mild to severe, and can include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. In severe cases, MERS can cause pneumonia and kidney failure, leading to death.
Ebola: A Highly Contagious Virus
Ebola, on the other hand, is a viral hemorrhagic fever that was first identified in 1976. It is caused by the Ebola virus, which is transmitted through contact with bodily fluids of an infected person. Symptoms of Ebola can include fever, headache, muscle pain, and weakness, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, and bleeding. In severe cases, Ebola can lead to organ failure and death.
How Contagious are MERS and Ebola?
So, which virus is more contagious? The answer is not clear-cut.
MERS is thought to be spread primarily through close contact with infected camels, although human-to-human transmission can also occur. However, it is not as easily transmitted as other respiratory viruses, such as the flu. In fact, most cases of MERS have occurred in healthcare settings, where close contact with infected patients is more likely.
Ebola, on the other hand, is highly contagious and can spread rapidly through contact with bodily fluids. It is also more easily transmitted than MERS, and has caused widespread outbreaks in Africa and beyond.
In conclusion, both MERS and Ebola are highly contagious viruses that can cause severe symptoms and even death. However, the exact level of contagiousness for each virus is not clear-cut. It is important to continue monitoring and researching both viruses, and to take appropriate precautions to prevent the spread of infection.