The Ebola virus and influenza virus are two different viruses that can cause serious illness in humans. While they have some similarities, there are also several key differences between the two viruses.
The most significant difference between the Ebola and influenza viruses is the severity of the illness they cause. The Ebola virus is a highly infectious virus that causes a severe and often fatal illness, while the influenza virus causes a less severe respiratory illness.
Another difference between the two viruses is their mode of transmission. The Ebola virus is transmitted through direct contact with bodily fluids of an infected person, such as blood, vomit, or feces, while the influenza virus is transmitted through respiratory droplets from an infected person when they sneeze or cough.
The symptoms of Ebola and influenza also vary. The symptoms of Ebola typically include fever, severe headache, muscle pain, and weakness, while the symptoms of influenza include fever, cough, and body aches.
In terms of their impact on public health, the Ebola virus has caused several large outbreaks in Africa, with the most recent outbreak in 2018-2020 resulting in over 2,000 deaths. The influenza virus, on the other hand, causes seasonal epidemics and pandemics, with the most recent pandemic occurring in 2009-2010 and resulting in over 200,000 deaths globally.
The Ebola virus also has a higher mortality rate compared to the influenza virus. Up to 90% of infected individuals can die from the Ebola virus, while the mortality rate for the influenza virus is less than 1%.
While there are vaccines available for the influenza virus, there are currently no licensed vaccines for use in the general population for the Ebola virus.
In summary, the Ebola and influenza viruses are different in terms of the severity of illness they cause, their mode of transmission, symptoms, and impact on public health. The Ebola virus is generally considered to be more dangerous than the influenza virus.