A potential Ebola case is being investigated in Colchester, England, after a patient who had recently traveled to Africa began showing symptoms of the deadly virus. Health officials temporarily closed part of Colchester Hospital as they work to determine whether the patient has Ebola and, if so, how he or she contracted it.
The patient, who recently traveled to an affected area, is being treated in isolation. Officials said that the temporary closure of part of the facility was to deal with an "infection control issue." Officials at the UK Health Security Agency told The Sun that it's routine to test unwell returning travelers for a variety of infectious diseases. Those infectious diseases included other hemorrhagic fevers (fevers that also involve bleeding) such as Lassa fever.
(Note: Lassa fever is an animal-borne, or zoonotic, acute viral illness spread by the common African rat. It is endemic in parts of West Africa including Sierra Leone, Liberia, Guinea, and Nigeria. Neighboring countries are also at risk because the animal vector lives throughout the region.)
The hospital was deep-cleaned and then reopened several hours after it was first closed. Colchester Hospital is a district general hospital located in Colchester, Essex. It is managed by East Suffolk and North Essex NHS Foundation Trust, and is 70 miles (113 km) away from central London - just 90 minutes away via the A120 and M11 highways
The Telegraph adds:
If confirmed, this would be the first Ebola case detected in Britain since 2014, when two people were infected in West Africa before travelling to the UK – including Pauline Cafferkey, a Scottish nurse working to curb the outbreak, which killed 11,000 people. Both of those cases recovered. This would be the first case of the new Sudan strain of the virus, for which there is no approved vaccine.
Because there are no direct flights to the UK from Kampala, any infected travelers who make the trip could expose passengers on multiple planes and airports in multiple countries as they make the 11-hour trip between Entebbe International Airport to any British destination.
The current outbreak is spreading within Uganda
Two districts in Uganda are also in lockdown. The Mubbende and Kassanda districts have seen their lockdown times double from 21 days to 42 days in an effort to prevent the disease from spreading.
Uganda's capital of Kampala, which has an international airport, has not been locked down. Recently, cases have spread from the capital to other regions of the country, such as Jinja, near the Kenyan border.
Although officials are publicly projecting confidence that containment is well underway, leaked government documents show that the Ugandan government expects an explosion in Ebola cases. They anticipate thousands of infections and 500 deaths by May.
PPE shortages and limited food supplies for those in quarantine appear to be contributing to the increase in cases.
If the leaked projections hold, this will be the third deadliest Ebola outbreak in history. The announcement that schools will be closing nationwide in Uganda also underscores the growing intensity of the situation.
What is Ebola?
Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a serious and deadly virus that affects humans and primates. EVD is caused by the Ebola virus. The virus is spread through contact with the blood or body fluids of an infected person and can lead to death in 25-90% of cases. Early symptoms include fever, muscle pain, and headaches, followed by vomiting, diarrhea, and internal and external bleeding. Death typically occurs 6-16 days after symptoms appear. There is no specific treatment for Ebola at this time; however early diagnosis and supportive care can improve the chances of survival.
The Ebola virus originated from fruit bats from the Pteropodidae family. These bats are called the “natural reservoir” of the disease. Non-human primates are known to be susceptible to the virus but they develop severe fatal illnesses when infected which limits viral circulation within their populations
Ebola-Cases.com tracks global data on the 2022 Ebola virus disease outbreak. You can refer to the United Kingdom page to track the number of Ebola cases in the UK in 2022. Because the site is updated daily, this will be one of the first places you will be able to go to view information about any Ebola outbreak in the UK. We will also aggregate and share any information about the number of British Ebola cases and deaths on our Twitter account, so be sure to follow it for up-to-date information on the outbreak.